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Theodoret of Cyrus / Cyrrhus
(c. 393 - c. 460)


Synopsis

THEODORET, b. at Antioch towards the close of the fourth century; d. at Cyrus, or Cyrrhus, the capital of the Syrian province of Cyrrhestica, 457. He was educated in the monastery of St. Euprepius, near Antioch; ordained a deacon by Bishop Porphyrius; and elected bishop of Cyrus in 420 and 423. As a pupil of Diodorus of Tarsus, and Theodore of Mopsuestia, he joined at the synod of Ephesus (431) the minority which deposed Cyril; but by the robber-synod of Ephesus (449) he was himself deposed, and banished to the monastery of Aparnea. By the synod of Chalcedon, however (451), he was again restored to his see. He was a very prolific writer. Exegetical, historical, polemical, and dogmatical works, sermons, and letters by him, still exist. But his principal work is his Church History, comprising the period from 325 to 429, translated into French by Mathée (Poitiers, 1544). The first collected edition of his works was published by Sirmond (Paris, 1642, 4 vols. fol.), to which was added in 1684 a fifth by Hardouin, containing, among other things, his life by Garnier. There are also editions by Schuize (Halle, 1769-74, 4 vols.) and Migne (Paris, 1859-60, 5 vols.). See Roos: De Theodoreto Clementis et Eusebii compilatore, Halle, 1883, 69 pp.; A. BERTRAM: Tileodoreti episcopi Cyrensis, doctrina christologica, Hildesheim, 1883.

Philip Schaff, ed., A Religious Encyclopaedia or Dictionary of Biblical, Historical, Doctrinal, and Practical Theology, 3rd edn., Vol. 4. Toronto, New York & London: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1894. p.2826.

Primary Sources

Book or monograph Theodoret, "Church History; Dialogues; Letters," Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church, 2nd Series, Vol. 3. Edinburgh: Continuum International Publishing Group - T & T Clark Ltd., 19880. Hbk. ISBN: 056709412X. pp.594.
Book or monograph TheodoretTheodoret of Cyrus: Commentary on Daniel. Society of Biblical Literture - Writings from the Greco-Roman World. Leiden: Brill, 2006. Hbk. ISBN: 9004130519. pp.376. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Theodoret, The Ecclesiastical History Of Theodoret. Kessinger Publishing Co., 2004. Pbk. ISBN: 1419160559. pp.220. {Amazon.com}

Secondary Sources

Book or monograph G.W. Ashby, Theodoret of Cyrrhus as Exegete of the Old Testament. Grahamstown, South Africa: Publication Department of Rhodes University, 1972.
Article in Journal or Book G.W. Ashby, "The Hermeneutic Approach of Theodoret of Cyrrhus with Special Reference to Certain Prophets" Ou Testamentiese Werkgemeenskap van Suid-Afrika (1975).
Article in Journal or Book G.W. Ashby, "The Hermeneutic Approach of Theodoret of Cyrrhus to the Old Testament" Studia Patristica 15 (1975/84): 131-135.
Book or monograph G.F. Chestnut, The First Christian Histories: Eusebius, Socrates, Sozomen, Theodoret and Evagrius, 2nd edn. Macon: Mercer University Press, 1998. Pbk. ISBN: 0865542031. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book B. Croke, "Dating Theodoret's Church History and Commentary on the Psalms," Byzantion 54 (1984): 59-74.
Article in Journal or Book E. Honigmann, "Theodoret of Cyrrhus and Basil of Seleucia: The Time of Their Death," Patristic Studies, Studi e Testi 173. Vatican City: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1953. pp.174-184.
Article in Journal or Book J.T. Leinhard, "The Exegesis of 1 Cor 15:24-28 from Marcellus of Ancyra to Theodoret of Cyrus," Vigiliae Christianae 37 (1983): 340-59.
Article in Journal or Book C.T. McCollough, "A Christianity for an Age of Crisis: Theodoret of Cyrus's Commentary on Daniel," Systemic 2 (1989): 157-74.
Article in Journal or Book M. Parmentier, "A Letter from Theodoret of Cyrus to the Exiled Nestorius (CPG 6270) in a Syraic Version," Bijdragen. Tijdschrift voor philosophie en theologie 51 (1990): 234-45.
Book or monograph Pasztori-Kupan, Theodoret of Cyrus. London: Routledge, an imprint of Taylor & Francis Books Ltd., 2005. Pbk. ISBN: 0415309611. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book A.C. Vrame, "Theodoret, bishop of Kyros as an Exegete of Isaiah, 1: A Translation of His Commentary, with an Introduction," Greek Orthodox Theological Review 34 (1989): 127-47.

Biographies

On-line Resource Theodoret (Catholic Encyclopedia)

Related Subjects

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