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Athanasius of Alexandria
(296-298 – 2 May 373)


Synopsis

Athanasius will always be remembered for his role in the theological controversies of the fourth century sparked by the teachings of Arius. Although the details of this debate are beyond the scope of this present study their effect on the doctrine of the church and on its relationship with the emperors was far reaching. Athanasius was taken into the household of Alexander, the bishop of Alexandria, who apparently recognised his potential from an early age.[1] His education appears to have concentrated on the scriptures and their exegesis rather than the Greek classics.[2] Athanasius was ordained as a deacon and assisted his protégé at the Council of Nicaea. Following Alexander’s death Athanasius succeeded him as bishop of Alexandria and continued his struggle against the Arians.

Rob Bradshaw, Webmaster

References

[1] Socrates, History 1.15; Sozomenus, History, 2.17 (NPNF, 2nd series, Vol. 2, 20, 269-270).

[2] Timothy D. Barnes, Athanasius and Constantius: Theology and Politics in the Constantinian Empire. (Cambridge MA / London: Harvard University Press, 1993), 11.

Primary Sources

On-line Resource Athanasius (Christian Classic Ethereal Library)
Book or monograph Athanasius' Life of AntonySt. Athanasius, "The Life of Antony," trans. Robert T. Meyer, Ancient Christian Writers, Vol. 10. New York: Newman Press, 1950. Hbk. ISBN: 0809102501. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Athanasius: On The IncarnationSt. Athanasius, On the Incarnation: The Treatise De Incarnatione Verbi Dei. St Vladimirs Seminary Press, 1975. Pbk. ISBN: 0913836400. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph St. Athanasius, The Monastic Letters of St Athanasius the Great, Leslie Barnard (Translator). Fairacres Publications, 1994. Pbk. ISBN: 0728301385.
Book or monograph Gregg: AthanasiusR.C. Gregg, Athanasius: The Life of Antony and the Letter to Marcellinus. R.J. Payne, et al, eds. Classics of Western Spirituality. New York: Paulist, 1980. Pbk. ISBN: 0809122952. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Gregory of Nazianzus, Orations, 21.
Book or monograph Jerome, Lives of Illustrius Men, 87.

Secondary Sources

Book or monograph Anatolius: Athanasios: The Structure of His ThoughtKhaled Anatolios, Athanasius: The Structure of His Thought. London: London: Routledge, an imprint of Taylor & Francis Books Ltd., 1998. Hbk. ISBN: 0415186374. pp.272. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Duane W. H Arnold, The Early Episcopal Career of Athanasius of Alexandria. University of Notre Dame Press, 1991. Hbk. ISBN: 0268009252. pp.235. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book Duane W.H. Arnold, "Excursus on the Athanasian Use of Sources in De Decretis," Patristic and Byzantine Review 11.1-3 (1992): 33-51.
Article in Journal or Book L W Barnard, "Some Liturgical Elements in Athanasius' Festal Epistles," Studia Patristica 13 (1975): 337-42.
Book or monograph L W Barnard, Studies in Athanasius' "Apologia Secunda". Peter Lang, 1992. Pbk. ISBN: 3261045736. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Athanasius & ConstantiusTimothy D. Barnes, Athanasius and Constantius: Theology and Politics in the Constantinian Empire. Cambridge MA / London: Harvard University Press, 2001. ISBN: 067400549X. pp.364. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book Wolfgang Bienert, "The Significance of Athanasius of Alexandria For Nicene Orthodoxy," Irish Theological Quarterly 48.3/4 (1981): 181-195.
Article in Journal or Book D. Brakke, "Canon Formation and Social Conflict in ivth-cent. Egypt, Athanasius of Alexandria's Thirty-ninth Festal Letter," Harvard Theological Review 87 (1994): 395-419.
Book or monograph Brakke: Athanasius and AsceticismDavid Brakke, Athanasius and Asceticism. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998. Pbk. ISBN: 0801860555. pp.376. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book B.R. Brennan, "Dating Athanasius' Vita Antonii," Vigiliae Christianae 30 (1976): 52-54.
Article in Journal or Book Jill S. Burnett, "Congregational Song and Doctrinal Formation: The Role of Hymnody in the Arian/Nicene Controversy," Liturgical Ministry 10.2 (2001): 83-92.
Article in Journal or Book V. Burrus, "The Heretical Woman as Symbol in (bishop) Alexander, Athanasius, Epiphanius, and Jerome," Harvard Theological Review 84 (1991): 229-48.
Article in Journal or Book T.C. Campbell, "The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit in the Theology of Athanasius," Scottish Journal of Theology 27 (1974): 408-40.
On-line Resource Robert A. Case, "Will the real Athanasius please stand up," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 19.4 (Fall 1976): 283-295. View in PDF format pdf
Article in Journal or Book F. Stuart Clarke, "Lost and Found: Athanasius' Doctrine of Predesitination," Scottish Journal of Theology 29 (1976): 435-
On-line Resource St. Athanasius (Cornelius Clifford)
On-line Resource Athanasius of Alexandria (Glenn Davis)
Article in Journal or Book S. Elm, "Athanasius of Alexandria's Letter to the Virgins. Who was its intended audience?" Augustinianum 33 (1993): 171-83.
On-line Resource Athanasius, St, Bishop of Alexandria (Encyclopaedia Britannica)
Article in Journal or Book James D. Ernest, "Athanasius of Alexandria: The Scope of Scripture in Polemical and Pastoral Context," Vigiliae Christianae 47.4 (1993): 341-362.
Book or monograph Ernest: The Bible in Ancient Christianity, the Bible in Athanasius of AlexandriaJames D. Ernest, The Bible in Ancient Christianity, the Bible in Athanasius of Alexandria. Bible in Ancient Christianity. Leiden: Brill, 2004. Hbk. ISBN: 0391041762. pp.486. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book G. Florovsky, "The Concept of Creation in Athanasius," Studia Patristica 6 (1962): 36-57.
Book or monograph Rudolph Graber, Athanasius and the Church of Our Time. On the 1600th Anniversary of His Death. Van Duren Contract Publications, 1974. Pbk. ISBN: 0901072133. pp.80. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book R.A. Greer, "The Captain of Our Salvation. A Study in the Patristic Exegesis of Hebrews," Beiträge zur Geschichte der biblischen Exegese 15. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr, 1973. pp.371.
Book or monograph Grillmeier: Christ in Christian TraditionAloys Grillmeier, Christ in Christian Tradition: From the Apostolic Age to Chalcedon (451), Vol. 1. Atlanta: John Knox, 1975. Pbk. ISBN: 066422301X. pp.308-328. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book M.B. Hanspicker, "Athanasius on Scripture and Tradition," Andover Newton Quarterly 3 (1972-1973): 13-29.
Book or monograph Hanson: The Search for the Christian Doctrine of GodR.P.C. Hanson, The Search for the Christian Doctrine of God: The Arian Controversy 318-381. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1988. ISBN: 0567094855. pp.954.{Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Trevor A. Hart, "The Two Soteriological Traditions of Alexandria," The Evangelical Quarterly 61.3 (1989): 239-259.View in PDF format pdf [Clement and Athanasius]
Article in Journal or Book Michael A.G. Haykin, "'The Spirit of God': The Exegesis of 1 Cor. 2:10-12 by Origen and Athanasius," Scottish Journal of Theology 35 (1982): 513-28.
Article in Journal or Book Michael A.G. Haykin, "'A Sense of Awe in the Presence of the Ineffable': 1 Cor 2:11-12 in the Pneumatomachian Controversy of the Fourth Century," Scottish Journal of Theology 41 (1988): 341-57.
Book or monograph Michael A.G. Haykin, The Spirit of God: Exegesis of 1 and 2 Corinthians in the Pneumatomachian Controversy of the Fourth Century. Vigiliae Christianae Supplements Series 27. Leiden: Brill, 1993. Hbk. ISBN: 9004099476. pp.350. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book Charles Kannengeiser, "Athanasius of Alexandria and the Foundation of Traditional Christology," Theological Studies 34 (1973): 103-13.
Article in Journal or Book Charles Kannengeiser, "Athanasius of Alexandria and the Holy Spirit Between Nicea and Constantinople 1," Irish Theological Quarterly 48 (1981): 166-80.
Article in Journal or Book Charles Kannengeiser, "Athanasius of Alexandria: Three Orations Against the Arians: A Reappraisal," Studia Patristica, Vol. 18. (1982): 981-995.
Article in Journal or Book Charles Kannengeiser, "The Athanasian Decade 1974-84: A Bibliographic Report," Theological Studies, Vol. 46 (1985): 524-541.
Book or monograph Charles Kannengeiser, Arius and Athanasius: Two Alexandrian Theologians. London: Variorum, 1991. Hbk. ISBN: 0860783146. pp. xiv + 330. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Athenagoras of Athens (Peter Kirby)
Article in Journal or Book Alan L. Kolp, "Partakers of the Divine Nature: The Use of 2 Peter 1:4 by Athanasius." Studia Patristica 17 (1982): 1018-1023.
Article in Journal or Book Peter L'Huillier,"Ecclesiology in the Canons of the First Nicene Council," St. Vladimir's Theological Quarterly 27.2 (1983): 119-131.
Article in Journal or Book J.T. Lienhard, "On 'Discernment of Spirits' in the Early Church (1 Cor 12:10 for Chrysostom, Origen, Athanasius; Cassian," Theological Studies 41 (1980): 505-29.
Article in Journal or Book Andrew Louth, "Reason and Revelation in St. Athanasius," Scottish Journal of Theology 23 (1970): 385-
Article in Journal or Book R.P. Martin, "(Ps 42: Athanasius 'most of scripture speaks to us, while the Psalms speak for us') Depression, a case-study," Expository Times 95 (1983): 23-25.
Book or monograph F.P. Meijering, Orthodoxy and Platonism in Athanasius: Synthesis or Antithesis. Leiden: Brill, 1974. pp. iii + 201.
Article in Journal or Book John R. Meyer, "Athanasius' Use of Paul in his Doctrine of Salvation," Vigiliae Christianae 52.2 (1998): 146-171.
Book or monograph H. Nordberg, On the Bible Text of St. Athanasius. Philologica Fennica NS 3 1962.
Article in Journal or Book H. Nordberg, "On the Bible Text of St. Athanasius (LXX + NT)," Arctos 3 (1962): 119-41.
Article in Journal or Book Stephen M. Reynolds, "Calvin's View of the Athanasian and Nicene Creeds," Westminster Theological Journal 23.1 (1961): 33-37.
Book or monograph Jaroslav Jan Pelikan, The Light of the World: a Basic Image in Early Christian Thought. New York: Harper, 1962. pp.128.
Article in Journal or Book A. Pettersen, "Christ's Death - A Liturgical Event for Athanasius of Alexandria?" Downside Review 102 (1984): 22-31.
Article in Journal or Book Alvyn Pettersen, "(Mt 26:39) Did Athanasius Deny Christ's Fear?" Scottish Journal of Theology 39 (1986): 327-40.
Article in Journal or Book Alvyn Pettersen, "The Courage of Christ in the Theology of Athanasius," Scottish Journal of Theology 40 (1987): 363-77.
Book or monograph C.R.B. Shapland, The Letters of Saint Athanasius Concerning the Holy Spirit. London, 1951.
Article in Journal or Book G.C. Stead, "Rhetorical Method in Athanasius," Vigiliae Christianae 30 (1976): 121-137.
Article in Journal or Book G.C. Stead, "The Thalia of Arius and the Testimony of Athanasius," Journal of Theological Studies 29 (1978): 20-52.
Article in Journal or Book G.C. Stead, "The Scriptures and the Soul of Christ in Athanasius," Vigiliae Christianae 36 (1982): 233-50.
Article in Journal or Book Theology in ReconciliationT.F. Torrance, "Athanasius: A Study in the Foundations of Classical Theology," in Theology in Reconciliation. London, 1975. Reprinted: Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 1996. Pbk. ISBN: 1579100236. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book T.P. Torrance, "The Hermeneutics of St. Athanasius. Introduction, Theology, Background," Ekklesiastikos Pharos 52/1.2.3 (1970): 446-68, 89-106, 237-49.
Article in Journal or Book T. Vivian, "'Everything Made by God is Good.' A Letter Concerning Sexuality from Saint Athanasius to the Monk Amoun," Église et Théologie 24 (1993): 75-108.
Article in Journal or Book Jonathan Wells, "The Argument to Design in Athanasius and Maximus," Patristic and Byzantine Review 8.1 (1989): 45-54.
Article in Journal or Book J,C, Winden, "On the Date of Athanasius' Apologetical Treatises," Vigiliae Christianae 29 (1975): 291-95.
Book or monograph Frances M Young, From Nicaea to Chalcedon: A Guide to the Literature and Its Background. London: SCM Press, 1983. pp.65-83. {Amazon.com}

Biographies

Article in Journal or Book W. Bright, "St. Athanasius of Alexandria," W. Smith & H. Wace, editors, Dictionary of Christian Biography, Vol. 1. London: John Murray, 1877. pp.179-203.
Book or monograph Forbes: St. AthanasiusF. A. Forbes, St. Athanasius. Tan Books & Publishers Inc., 1999. Pbk. ISBN: 0895556235. pp.98. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria, Theologian, Doctor (James E. Kiefer)
Book or monograph Pettersen: AthanasiusAlvyn Pettersen, Athanasius. Morehouse Publishing, 1996. Pbk. ISBN: 0819216550. pp.224. {Amazon.com}

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