EarlyChurch.org.uk


Judaism & the Church

Primary Sources

Book or monograph P. Vielhauer, "Jewish Christian Gospels," E. Henecke & W. Scheemelcher, eds. English, trans. R. McL. Wilson, The New Testament Apocrypha, 2 Vols. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1963, 1966.

Secondary Sources

Article in Journal or Book C.K. Barrett, "Jews and Judaizers in the Epistles of Ignatius," R. Hameton-Kelly & R. Scroggs, eds. Jews, Greeks and Christians: Essays in Honor of W.D. Davies. Leiden: Brill, 1976. pp.220-224.
Article in Journal or Book H.D. Betz, "Orthodoxy and Heresy in Primitive Christianity," Interpretation, Vol. 19 (1965): 299-311.
Article in Journal or Book M. Black, "The Patristic Account of Jewish Secterianism," Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 41 (1959): 285-303.
Article in Journal or Book P.M. Blowers, "Origen, the Rabbis, and the Bible: Towards a Picture of Judaism in Third Century Caesarea," in C. Kannengiesser & W.L. Petersen, eds. Origen of Alexandria: His World and his Legacy. Notre Dame, Indiana: Notre Dame University Press, 1988, Hbk. ISBN: 0268015015. pp.96-118. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book Baruch M. Bokser, "Recent Developments in the Study of Judaism. 70-220 C.E.," Second Century 3 (1983): 1-68.
Book or monograph Borgen: Early Christianity and Hellenistic JudaismPeder Borgen, Early Christianity and Hellenistic Judaism. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1998. Pbk. ISBN: 0567086267. pp.388. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource F.F. Bruce, "Are The Gospels Anti-Semitic?" Eternity 24 (November 1973): 16-18.View in PDF format pdf
Book or monograph Terrance Callan, Forgetting the Root: The Emergence of Christianity from Judaism. New York/Mahwah: Paulist, 1986. Pbk. ISBN: 0809127784. pp. vii + 131. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource David W. Chapman & Andreas J. Köstenberger, "Jewish Intertestamental and Early Rabbinic Literature: An Annotated Bibliographic Resource," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 43.4 (Dec. 2000): 577-618.View in PDF format pdf
Book or monograph Collins: Sibyls, Seers and Sages in Hellenistic- Roman JudaismJohn J. Collins, Sibyls, Seers and Sages in Hellenistic- Roman Judaism. Supplements to the Journal for the Study of Judaism. Liden: Brill, 1997. Hbk. ISBN: 9004107525. pp.248. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Hans Conzelmann, Gentiles/Jews/Christians: Polemics and Apologetics in the Graeco-Roman Era. M. Eugene Boring, translator. Minneaplois: Fortress, 1992. Hbk. ISBN: 080062520X. pp. xxxvii + 390. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Jean Daniélou, The Theology of Jewish Christianity. London: Darton, Longman & Todd, 1964 / Westminster John Knox Press, 1977. Hbk. ISBN: 0664210619. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph N.R.M. DeLange, Origen and the Jews: Studies in Jewish-Christian Relations in Third Century Palestine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977. Hbk. ISBN: 0521205425 pp. x + 240. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Terence L. Donaldson, "Levitical messianology in late Judaism: origins, development and decline," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 24.3 (Sept. 1981): 193-207.View in PDF format pdf
Book or monograph Donfried: Judaism and Christianity in First-Century RomeKarl Donfried, Judaism and Christianity in First-Century Rome. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 198. Pbk. ISBN: 0802842658. pp.289. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book David P. Efroymson, "The Patristic Connection," Alan T. Davies, ed. Antisemitism and the Foundations of Christianity. New York / Toronto, Paulist, 1979. Pbk. ISBN: 0809122197. pp.98-117. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book David P. Efroymson, "Tertullian's Anti-Jewish Rhetoric: Guilt by Association," Union Seminary Quarterly Review 36 (1980-1981): 25-37.
Article in Journal or Book Louis H. Feldman & Gohei Hata, eds. Josephus, Judaism, and Christianity. Detroit: Wayne University Press, 1987. pp.448.
Article in Journal or Book J.A. Fitzmyer, "The Qumran Scrolls, the Ebionites and Their Literature," Theological Studies, Vol. 16 (1955): 335-372.
Book or monograph Flusser: Judaism and the Origins of ChristianityP. Flusser, Judaism and the Origins of Christianity. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1989. Hbk. ISBN: 9652236276. pp.726. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book W.H.C. Frend, "Early Christianity and Society: A Jewish Legacy in the Pre-Constantinian Era," Harvard Theological Review 76 (1983): 53-71.
Book or monograph Gager: The Origins of Anti-SemitismJohn G. Gager, The Origins of Anti-Semitism: Attitudes Toward Judaism in Pagan and Christian Antiquity. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985. Pbk. ISBN: 0195036077. pp.320. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book Dieter Georgi, " The Early Church: Internal Jewish Migration or New Religion?" Harvard Theological Review 88.1 (1995): 35-68.
Article in Journal or Book Everett F. Harrison, "The Attitude of the Primitive Church toward Judaism," Bibliotheca Sacra 113: 450 (1956): 130-140.
Article in Journal or Book A.P. Hayman, "Rabbinic Judaism and the Problem of Evil," Scottish Journal of Theology 29 (1976): 461-
Article in Journal or Book A.P. Hayman, "The Fall, Freewill and Human Resposibility in Rabbinic Judaism," Scottish Journal of Theology 37 (1984): 13-
Article in Journal or Book R. Travers Herford, Christianity in Talmud and Midrash. KTAV Publishing House, 1975. Pbk. ISBN: 0870684833. pp. xvi + 449. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph William Horbury, Jews and Christians in Contact and Controversy. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1998. Hbk. ISBN: 0567085902. pp.352. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book Amos B. Hulen, "The 'Dialogues with the Jews' as Sources for Early Jewish Arguments against Christianity," Journal of Biblical Literature 51 (1932): 58-70.
On-line Resource John J. Johnson, "A New Testament Understanding of the Jewish Reflection of Jesus: Four Theologians on the Salvation of Israel," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 43.2 (June 2000): 229-246.View in PDF format pdf
On-line Resource S.J. Joubert, "A bone of contention in recent scholarship: The 'birkat ha-minim' and the separation of Church and Synagogue in the first century AD," Neotestamentica 27.2 (1993): 351-363.View in PDF format pdf
Article in Journal or Book Richard Kalmin, "Christians and Heretics in Rabbinic Literature of Late Antiquity," Harvard Theological Review 87.2 (1994): 155-169.
Book or monograph Albetus Frederick Johannes Klijn & G.F. Reinink, Patristic Evidence for Jewish-Christian Sects. Leiden: Brill, 1973. Hbk. ISBN: 9004037632. pp.313. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Edwin A. Judge, "Judaism and the Rise of Christianity: A Roman Perspective," Tyndale Bulletin 45.2 (1994): 355-368. View in PDF format pdf
Article in Journal or Book Albetus Frederick Johannes Klijn, "The Study of Jewish Christianity," New Testament Studies, Vol. 20 (1973): 419-430.
Article in Journal or Book R.A. Kraft, "The Multiform Jewish Heritage of Early Christianity," J. Nuessner, ed. Christianity, Judaism and Other Graeco-Roman Cults. Leiden: Brill, 1975. pp.174-199.
Article in Journal or Book R.A. Kraft, "In Search of 'Jewish Christianity' and Its 'Theology': Problems of Definition and Methodology," Recherches de science religieuse, Vol. 60 (1972): 81-92.
Article in Journal or Book S. Kraus, The Jews in the Works of the Church Fathers," Jewish Quarterly Review, Vol. 5 (1893): 122-157.
Article in Journal or Book Judith M. Lieu, et al, The Jews Among Pagans and Christians in the Roman Empire. London & New York: Routledge, 1992. Pbk. ISBN: 0415114489. pp. xvii + 198. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Judith M. Lieu, Image and Reality: The Jews in the World of the Christians in the Second Century. Edinburgh: Continuum International Publishing Group - T & T Clark, 2003. Pbk. ISBN: 0567089630. pp.362. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Amnon Linder, The Jews in Roman Imperial Legislation. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1987. Hbk. ISBN: 0814318096. pp.436. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource G.W.E. Nickelsburg, "Jews and Christians in the first century. The struggle over identity," Neotestamentica 27.2 (1993): 365-390.View in PDF format pdf
Book or monograph A. Lukyn Williams [1853-1943], Adversus Judaeos: A Bird's-Eye View of Christian Apologiae until the Renaissance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1935. pp.xvii + 428. [This material is in the Public Domain]
Article in Journal or Book James S. McLaren, "Jews and the Imperial Cult: From Augustus to Domitian," Journal for the Study of the New Testament 27.3 (2005): 257-278. [Read Abstract]
Book or monograph I. Mancini, Archaeological Discoveries Relative to the Judaeo-Christians. Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing Press, 1970.
Book or monograph Wayne A. Meeks & Robert L. Wilken, Jews and Christians in ANtioch in the First Four Centuries of the Common Era. Society of Biblical Literature Sources for Biblical Study 13. Missoula, MT: Scholars Press, 1978. Pbk. ISBN: 0891302298. pp. x + 127. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Eric M.Meyers & James F. Strange, Archaeology, the Rabbis and Early Christianity: The Social and Historical Setting of Palestinian Judaism and Christianity. Nashville: Abingdon, 1981. Hbk. ISBN: 0687016800. pp.207. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Moore: Judaism in the First Centuries of the Christian EraGeorge F Moore, Judaism in the First Centuries of the Christian Era. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers Inc., 1997. Hbk. ISBN: 1565632869. pp.1296. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book J. Munck, Jewish Christianity in Post-Apostolic Times," New Testament Studies, Vol. 6 (1959-1960): 103-116.
Article in Journal or Book R. Murray, "Defining Judaeo-Christianity," Heythrop Journal, Vol. 15 (1974): 303-310.
Book or monograph Jacob Nuesner, Aphrahet and Judaism: The Christian Jewish Argument in the Fourth-Century Iran. Leiden: Brill, 1971.
Book or monograph Nuesner: Judaism and Christianity in the Age of ConstantineJacob Nuesner, Judaism and Christianity in the Age of Constantine: History, Messiah, Israel, and the Initial Confrontation Chicago Studies in the History of Judaism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. Hbk. ISBN: 0226576523. pp.254. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Nuesner: Judaisms and Their Messiahs at the Turn of the Christian EraJacob Neusner, Judaisms and Their Messiahs at the Turn of the Christian Era. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Pbk. ISBN: 0521349400. pp.320. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Jacob Nuesner & E. Frerichs, eds., "To See Ourselves As Others See Us": Christians, Jews, "Others" in Late Antiquity. Scholars Press Studies in the Humanities. Chico: ScholarsPress, 1985. Hbk. ISBN: 0891308202. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Nuesner: Judaism When Christianity BeganJacob Neusner, Judaism When Christianity Began: A Survey of Belief and Practice. Westminster John Knox Press, 2002. Pbk. ISBN: 0664225276. pp.208. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph J. Parkes, The Conflict of the Church and the Synagogue: A Study in the Origins of Antisemitism. New York: Atheneum, 1974.
Article in Journal or Book James Parkes, "Jews and Christians in the Constantinian Empire," C.W. Dugmore & C. Duggan, eds. Studies in Church History, Vol. 1. London: Thomas Nelson, 1964. pp.69-79.
Book or monograph S. Pines, “The Jewish Christians of the Early Centuries of Christianity According to a New Source,”Proceedings of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, II/13. Jerusalem: The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1966.
Book or monograph R.A. Pritz, Nazarene Jewish Christianity. Leiden: Brill, 1988. Hbk. ISBN: 9004081089. pp.153. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book G. Quispel, "The Discussion of Judaic Christainity," Vigiliae Christianae, Vol. 22 (1968): 81-93.
Article in Journal or Book Tessa Rajak, "Was There a Roman Charter for the Jews?" Journal of Roman Studies 74 (1984): 107-34.
Book or monograph Davids Rokeah, Jews, Pagans and Christians in Conflict. Studia Post-Biblica 33. Jerusalem / Leiden: Magnes / Brill, 1982. Hbk. ISBN: 9004070257. pp.232.
Article in Journal or Book L.V. Rutgers, "Roman Policy Towards the Jews," Classical Antiquity 13 (1994): 56-74.
Book or monograph E.P. Sanders, et al, eds. Jewish and Christian Self-Definition: The Shaping of Christianity in the Second and Third Centuries. Vol. 1. The Shaping of Christianity in the Second and Third Centuries. Philiadelphia: Fortress, 1980. Hbk. ISBN: 0800605780. pp.314. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph E.P. Sanders, et al, eds. Jewish and Christian Self-Definition. Vol. 2. Aspects of Judaism in the Graeco-Roman Period. Philiadelphia: Fortress, 1981. Hbk. ISBN: 0800606604. pp.485. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Jack T. Sanders, Schismatics, Sectarians, Dissidents, Deviants: TYhe First One Hundred Years of Jewish-Christian Relations. London: SCM Press Ltd., 1993. Pbk. ISBN: 0334023254. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph H.-J. Schoeps, Jewish Christianity. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1969.
Book or monograph Alan F. Segal, Two Powers in Heaven: Early Rabbinuc Reports About Christianity and Gnosticism. Studies in Judaism in Late Antiquity , No 25. Leiden: Brill, 1977. Hbk. ISBN: 9004054537. pp.313. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Segal: Rebecca's ChildrenAlan F. Segal, Rebecca's Children: Judaism and Christianity in the Roman World. Cambridge, Mass. / London: Harvard University Press, 1989. Pbk. ISBN: 0674750764. pp.viii + 207. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Setzer: Jewish Responses to Early Christians, History and Polemics, 30-150 C.EClaudia J. Setzer, Jewish Responses to Early Christians, History and Polemics, 30-150 C.E. Augsberg / Fortress Press, 1994. Pbk. ISBN: 080062680X. pp.254. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph I. Shabid, The Martyrs of Najran. Brussels: Subsidia Hagiographica, 1971.
Book or monograph H.J. Shronfield, The History of Jewish Christianity From the First to the Twentieth Century. London: Duckworth, 1936.
Book or monograph Marcel Simon, Versus Israel: A Study in the Relations Between Christians and Jews in the Roman Empire (135-425). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.
Book or monograph E. Mary Smallwood, The Jews Under Roman Rule: From Pompey to Diocletian. Leiden: Brill, 1976. pp. xviii + 595.
Book or monograph Menahem Stern, ed., Greek and Latin Authors on Judaism, 2 Vols. Jerusalem: 1974, 1980.
Article in Journal or Book G. Strecker, "On the Problem of Jewish Christianity," R.A. Kraft & G. Krodel, Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1996. Pbk. ISBN: 0962364274. {Amazon.com}
Article in Journal or Book Joan E. Taylor, "The Phenomenon of Early Jewish-Christianity: Reality or Scholarly Invention?" Vigiliae Christianae 44.4 (1990): 313-334.
On-line Resource

William Varner, "In the wake of Trypho: Jewish-Christian dialogues in the third to sixth centuries," The Evangelical Quarterly 80.3 (July 2008): 219-236.View in PDF format pdf [Reproduced by permission of the current copyright holder]

On-line Resource Michael J. Vlach, "Rejection Then Hope: The Church's Doctrine of Israel in The Patristic Era," The Master's Seminary Journal 19.1 (Spring 2008): 51-70.View in PDF format pdf
On-line Resource Is the Bible Anti-Semitic? (Steve Walton)
Book or monograph R. Walzer, Galen on Jews and Christians. London: Oxford University Press, 1949. pp.101.
Book or monograph Cambridge Commentaries on Writings of the Jewish & Christian World 200 BC to AD 200Molly Whittaker, Cambridge Commentaries on Writings of the Jewish & Christian World 200 BC to AD 200: Volume 6, Jews and Christians: Graeco-Roman Views. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984. Pbk. ISBN: 0521285569. pp.ix + 286. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Robert Wilde, The Treatment of the Jews in the Greek Christian Writers of the First Three Centuries. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1949. pp. xviii + 239.
Article in Journal or Book Robert L. Wilken, "Judaism in Roman and Christian Society," Journal of Religion 47 (1967): 313-350.
Book or monograph Robert Louis Wilken, Judaism and the Early Christian Mind: Study of Cyril of Alexandria, Exegesis and Theology. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1971. Hbk. ISBN: 0300013833. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Robert L. Wilken, John Chrysostom and the Jews: Rhetoric and Reality in the Late Fourth Century. The Transformation of the Classical Heritage, 4. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983. Hbk. ISBN: 0520047575. pp.207. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Stephen G. Wilson, ed., Anti-Judaism in Early Christianity 2: Separation and Polemic. Waterloo: Wilfeed Laurier University Press, 1986. Pbk. ISBN: 088920196X. {Amazon.com}

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