Francis Watson on Christians, Jews and Scripture in Justin’s Dialogue with Trypho

I have just uploaded the following lecture in PDF:

Prof. Francis Watson, “Have you not read…?” Christians, Jews and Scripture in Justin’s Dialogue with Trypho . The Ethel M. Wood Lecture, University of London, 3 March 2005.

My thanks to Professor Watson for providing me with the text of his lecture, which is published here for the first time.

A possible Ph.D. Thesis for someone

When studying the Montanists we have to recognise that the majority of the information we have comes from their opponents, who recycled the same accusations slightly different forms (See John De Soyres work []). These snippets hardly paint a balanced picture. For example:

1) Monatus was a recent convert [i.e. not grounded in the faith – bound to be led astray into error]

2) He was from Phrygia [They are all mad there]

3) His first converts were of the female gender [Weak-willed and easily deceived]

4) They left their husbands [Shame on them!]

5) He prophesied that the new Jerusalem would descend in Phrygia [the arrogant cheek!]

6) The Montanists introduce new fasts and forbid certain foods [Think that innovation is a sign of inspiration]

It appears to me that the opponents of Montanism may well be using stock accusations used of other heresies in their attacks. Is suspect that this article may be relevant here:

V. Burrus, “The Heretical Woman as Symbol in (bishop) Alexander, Athanasius, Epiphanius, and Jerome,” Harvard Theological Review 84 (1991): 229-48.

I think that it would make a good Ph.D thesis for someone to examine all the accusations made against the Montanists and see whether the same charges were made against other heresies in order to test this theory.

Please let me know if you take up the challenge.

W.H.C. Frend dies, aged 89

I was sorry to learn today of the death of Prof. W.H.C. Frend, whose works on early church history I have found invaluable. The Daily Telegraph today has a long obituary:

The Rev Prof William Frend, who has died aged 89, combined the roles of Early Christian historian, archaeologist and theologian in a career of such startling optimism and diversity that some were inclined to dismiss him as “a holy fool”.

Encouraged by his Low Church inclinations and experience of digs in North Africa, he genially denied papal claims to primacy in the first centuries AD, and retained strong sympathies with those who had fallen out with Rome. Before his pre-war Oxford thesis was published as The Donatist Church in 1952, patristic scholars had generally viewed Donatism, which appeared at Carthage early in the fourth century, as a heresy which prompted St Augustine to formulate aspects of Catholic sacramental theology… [read more]